NYC - UWS: Dakota Apartments

NYC – UWS: Dakota Apartments
apartment interior design

Image by wallyg
One of New York City’s best known apartment buildings, The Dakota was constructed from OCtober 25, 1880 to October 27, 1884–a time when the upper West Side was sparsely populated. George Henry Griebel and Karl Jacobson of Henry Janeway Hardenbergh was commissioned to do the design for Edward Clark, head of the Singer Sewing Machine Company whose firm also designed the Plaza Hotel.

According to popular legend, the Dakota was so named because at the time it was built, the Upper West Side of Manhattan was sparsely inhabited and considered as remote as the Dakota Territory. However, the earliest recorded appearance of this account is in a 1933 newspaper story. It is more likely that the building was named "The Dakota" because of Clark’s fondness for the names of the new western states and territories. High above the 72nd Street entrance, the figure of a Dakota Indian keeps watch. Note the railings with "griffins and Zeuses, or are they Neptunes and sea monsters?" (AIA)

The building’s high gables and deep roofs with a profusion of dormers, terracotta spandrels and panels, niches, balconies and balustrades give it a North German Renaissance character, an echo of a Hanseatic townhall. The Dakota is built in a square-shape around a central courtyard, accessible through the arched passage of the main entrance, a porte cochère large enough that horse-drawn carriages could pass.

Originally, the Dakota had 65 apartments with four to twenty rooms, no two alike. The general layout of the apartments is in the French style of the period, with all major rooms accessible from a hall or corridor, allowing for a natural migration of guests. The principal rooms such as parlors or the master bedroom face the street, while the dining room, the kitchen, and other auxiliary rooms are oriented on the courtyard. Apartments are thus aired from two sides, which was a relative novelty in New York at the time.

The Dakota is well known through popular culture–best known as the home of former Beatle John Lennon, starting in 1973. He was murdered outside the building on December 8, 1980 by Mark David Chapman and is memoraliazed in the nearby Strawberry Fields of Central Park. Director Roman Polanski filmed the exteriors for Rosemary’s Baby at the Dakota, but the interiors were created in a Hollywood soundstage since the building does not allow filming inside. Similarly Cameron Crowe shot exteriors here for protaganist David Aames’ residence in Vanilla Sky.

Other well known one-time residents of the Dakota have include Yoko Ono, Andrew Carnegi Lauren Bacall, Leonard Bernstein, Bono, Connie Chung and Maury Povich, Roberta Flack, Judy Garland, Judy Holliday, John Madden, Boris Karloff, Mills Lane, Gilda Radner, Paul Simon and Jerry Seinfeld.

In 2007, The Dakota Apartments was ranked #87 on the AIA 150 America’s Favorite Architecture list.

The Dakota Apartments were designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1979.

National Register #72000869 (1972)

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NeoCon 2014, Chicago, Illinois

NeoCon 2014, Chicago, Illinois
chicago interior design

Image by Design Feast
NeoCon is "North America's largest design exposition and conference for commercial interiors"

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Cool Best Interior Design School images

Best of EP Guest Photographer Jury Winner May: ” Our children, our future” – Simeon Lazarov
best interior design school

Image by European Parliament
I am 23 years old student in Sofia University, Bulgaria. I am studying Business Administration but photography has always been my passion. During high school I began participating in different youth photo competitions which gave me the chance to meet interesting people, visit new places and express my ideas about the world through my photos. I gained more experience and I was awarded at various photography exhibitions. My photography projects are challenges that I set to myself, inspiring my creativity and giving me the opportunity to learn something new, and to always look for the best shot. Through my current project I aim to express my views about the European elections in 2014 and their importance to our future. On the streets of Bulgaria I have met and photographed different people and asked them what Europe means to them and why they voted today. With these photographs I want to create awareness about the various reasons we have to vote and at the same time to show our common goal – better Europe of tomorrow.

Description of the photo

Photo 1 – Our Children, Our Future
Roza (32 years old) says "I want the best for my child. That's why today I choose not only my future, but also the future of my kid.". Roza recently lost her job and her husband is working abroad. Yet she believes that things are going to change for her family. Currently she is going through additional qualification course in interior design, funded by the EU Operational Programmes. She votes for better education for the children and more career prospects for the young people.

Read our article about the EP Guest Photographer campaign here:…!

Take a look at the best images of the 5 month of our whole competition and vote ("like") your favourite one!…

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Nice Interior Design Pictures photos

Casa Batlló: First Floor HDR
interior design pictures

Image by Sebastian Niedlich (Grabthar)
A look at the first floor who was heavily designed by Gaudi.
Again this is a HDR to make sure you can see the details of the ceiling, the door, the windows and columns. Unfortunately due to the nature of making HDR pictures you see the ghosting of the visitors. There are too many people to shoot this without them.

Taken during a trip to Barcelona in May 2009. Please visit the whole set.

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SIDIM 2007, Purely Design

SIDIM 2007, Purely Design
commercial interior design

Image by steldy

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Cool Condo Interior Design images

Red Oak Graphite [dining room]
condo interior design

Image by Mirage floors
Luminous Dining room featuring Graphite color hardwood floor (Red Oak-Graphite)

For more information, visit

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Bella Faux Finishes - Venetian Plaster - Faux Finishes - Italian Finishes - Sioux Falls, South Dakota

Bella Faux Finishes – Venetian Plaster – Faux Finishes – Italian Finishes – Sioux Falls, South Dakota
interior designers

Image by BellaFauxFinishes
Bella Faux Finishes was founded in 2005 by Mark Nordgren. Master Artisans in the application of imported Italian Venetian Plaster, the stunning Italian Finishes and New Faux Finishes. Together with sons David and Michael Nordgren Bella Faux Finishes has grown to be a valuable resource for Architects, Interior Designers and Home Builders, that are looking for a unique texture to introduce on a project. Our Home Office is in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. We share our Art throughout the Midwest, include South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa & Nebraska. We would love to hear about your project. Follow us below:


Tags:Bella, Dakota, falls, faux, Finishes, Italian, Plaster, Sioux, South, Venetian

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Nice Spa Interior Design photos

Sandra Sully
spa interior design

Image by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer
Park Hyatt Sydney, Australia Relaunch

Last week the Park Hyatt Sydney hosted the TV Week Logies Nominations, but today it was all about the relaunch of the luxurious hotel.

Dozens of Australian media folks attended tonight to help celebrate the hotel’s makeover.

A larger day spa, restaurant, bars, private dining rooms, enhanced and larger conference facilities, gym and recreational spaces feature in the revamped hotel.

Among the novel attractions is The Dining Room, led by Australian-born chef Andrew McKee.

Original Sydney Sandstone and local woods were incorporated in the rebuild and the hotel commissioned a number of Australian artists including sculptors, painters and photographers.

Australian hotel design firm, BARstudio, has created a new intimate and stylish interior, featuring an art gallery of interior pieces, including artefacts, books and artworks on the bedroom shelves and walls in all 155 bedrooms.

There’s also lots of eco-friendly elements…

The hotel has introduced a new in-room energy management system which comprises 'Smart Room Controllers' that monitor air-conditioning output, in addition to occupancy sensors that automatically dim lights when guests leave the room. Auto blinds adjust to certain times of the day, reducing heat penetration during summer months. LED lighting has also been introduced to cut energy output.

The hotel also now meets the 'Water Efficiency Labelling & Standards' (WELS) for water conservation, including waste and recycling.

The speed of the water pumps is now regulated depending on how hot the water is, and the water is pumped from the harbour through the heat exchange for natural low-energy usage water cooling.

Overall the hotel is expecting a 30% reduction in energy use.

The environmental enhancements form part of Park Hyatt Sydney's multi-million dollar rebuild which also includes revamped rooms, spa, restaurant and bars, and the addition of three rooftop suites.

Park Hyatt Sydney's General Manager, Andrew Mensforth, said: "Having undertaken a total rebuild, with only the external walls remaining, we look forward to showcasing the new hotel to our discerning local and international guests."

Press Release…

Park Hyatt Exemplifies Tourism Investment
Tuesday, 20 March 2012

The renovations carried out at the Park Hyatt are a superb example of the investment Australian tourism needs to improve its international competitiveness, according to peak national industry body, Tourism & Transport Forum (TTF).

The iconic Sydney waterfront hotel celebrates its official relaunch today, after its extension and complete refurbishment.

TTF Chief Executive John Lee said Australia needs top quality accommodation to compete.

"It's vital we continue to improve our product offering to ensure we can deliver a quality experience for visitors," Mr Lee said.

"High construction, real estate, labour and operating costs make it difficult for Australia to compete on price with other destinations in our region, especially with the dollar so high.

"So we have to be able to offer levels of service and luxury which present a compelling value proposition.

"The transformed Park Hyatt delivers absolute luxury in an incredible harbourside location, offering world-class standards and unparalleled views of the Sydney Opera House."

Mr Lee said tax reform could help to facilitate further investment in tourism product.

"We are calling on the federal government to allow tax loss carry backs for tourism businesses, acknowledging the seasonal nature of the industry and the impact of natural disasters.

"We were encouraged by comments from Treasurer Wayne Swan in weekend media reports suggesting that such reforms may be announced in the 2012-13 federal budget.

"A 50 per cent capital works deduction bonus for tourism properties would also help to stimulate necessary investment in new accommodation development."


Park Hyatt Sydney

Eva Rinaldi Photography Flickr

Eva Rinaldi Photography

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19c - Donovan & Seaman's Co - 743 S Broadway - Showroom

19c – Donovan & Seaman’s Co – 743 S Broadway – Showroom
best interior design school

Image by Kansas Sebastian
West Adams Heights

"Nowadays we scarcely notice the high stone gates which mark the entrances on Hobart, Harvard, and Oxford streets, south of Washington Boulevard. For one thing, the traffic is too heavy, too swift; and then, again, the gates have been obscured by intrusions of shops and stores. At the base of the stone pillars appears the inscription "West Adams Heights." There was a time when these entranceways were formidable and haughty, for they marked the ways to one of the first elite residential areas in Los Angeles. . . In the unplanned early-day chaos of Los Angeles, West Adams Heights was obviously something very special, an island in an ocean of bungalows—approachable, but withdrawn and reclusive—one of the few surviving examples of planned urban elegance of the turn of the century."

- Carey McWilliams, "The Evolution of Sugar Hill," Script, March, 1949: 30.

Today West Adams Heights is still obviously something special. The past sixty years, however, have not been kind. In 1963 the Santa Monica Freeway cut through the heart of West Adams Heights, dividing the neighborhood, obscuring its continuity. In the 1970's the city paved over the red brick streets and removed the ornate street lighting. After the neighborhood's zoning was changed to a higher density, overzealous developers claimed several mansions for apartment buildings. Despite these challenges, however, "The Heights," as the area was once known, has managed to regain some of its former elegance.

The West Adams Heights tract was laid out in 1902, in what was then a wheat field on the western edge of town. Although the freeway now creates an artificial barrier, the original neighborhood boundaries were Adams Boulevard, La Salle Ave, Washington Boulevard, and Western Avenue. Costly improvements were integrated into the development, such as 75-food wide boulevards (which were some of the first contoured streets not to follow the city grid), lots elevated from the sidewalk, ornate street lighting, and large granite monuments with red-brass electroliers at the entrance to every street. These upgrades increased the lot values, which helped ensure the tract would be an enclave for the elite.

One early real estate ad characterized the neighborhood stating: "West Adams Heights needs no introduction to the public: it is already recognized as being far superior to any other tract. Its high and slightly location, its beautiful view of the city and mountains make t a property unequaled by any other in the city."

The early residents' were required to sign a detailed restrictive covenant. This hand-written document required property owners to build a "first-class residence," of at least two stories, costing no less than two-thousand dollars (at a time when a respectable home could be built for a quarter of that amount, including the land), and built no less than thirty-five feet from the property's primary boundary. Common in early twentieth century, another clause excluded residents from selling or leasing their properties to non-Caucasians.

By the mid 1930's, however, most of the restrictions had expired. Between 1938 and 1945 many prominent African-Americans began to make "The Heights" their home. According to Carey McWilliams, West Adams Heights became known "Far and wide as the famous Sugar Hill section of Los Angeles," and enjoyed a clear preeminence over Washington's smart Le Droit Park, St. Louis's Enright Street, West Philadelphia, Chicago's Westchester, and Harlem's fabulous Sugar Hill.

West Adams Heights, now also known as Sugar Hill, played a major role in the Civil Rights movement in Los Angeles. In 1938 Norman Houston, president of the Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Company, and an African-American, purchased a home at 2211 South Hobart Boulevard. Legal Action from eight homeowners quickly ensued. During that period, other prominent African-Americans began to make Sugar Hill their home – including actress Hattie McDaniels, dentists John and Vada Summerville, actress Louise Beavers, band leader Johnny Otis, and performers Pearl Baily and Ethel Waters, and many more. On December 6, 1945, the "Sugar Hill Cases" were heard before Judge Thurmond Clark, in LA Superior Court. He made history by become the first judge in America to use the 14th Amendment to disallow the enforcement of covenant race restrictions. The Los Angeles Sentinel quoted Judge Clark: "This court is of the opinion that it is time that [African-Americans] are accorded, without reservations and evasions, the full rights guaranteed them under the 14th Amendment." Gradually, over the last century people of nearly ever background have made historic West Adams their home.

The northern end of West Adams Heights is now protected as part of the Harvard Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone (HPOZ). The Historic West Adams area of Los Angeles (which includes West Adams Heights) boasts the highest concentration of turn-of-the-century homes west of the Mississippi, as well as the highest concentration of National Historic Landmarks, National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Districts, State Historic Landmarks, Los Angeles Cultural-Historic Monuments, and Historic Preservation Overlay Zones in the city. The entirety of West Adams Heights should be nominated as a National Register Historic District, for the quality of homes, the prominence of the architects, notoriety of the people who lived in the neighborhood, and the role it played in civil rights.

Perhaps a quote adapted from a fireplace mantle in the Frederick Rindge mansion best symbolizes the optimism which exists in West Adams: "California Shall be Ours as Long as the Stars Remain."

19 – James G & Rose Ganahl Donovan Residence – 2179 W 20th St, Moved from 2202 S Western Ave – 1903 – Robert Brown Young
(Now located in Western Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone & 20th Street Historic District, National Register Historic District No. 91000915)

James Donovan began as an apprentice to a watch maker in Aurora, IL, working his way up to Lead Mechanic and an eventual partner in the company, before branching into jewelry on his own. Accompanied by his sister in 1894 he came to Los Angeles for a month's long vacation. At the end he decided to stay one more week – then three more months – and then founded to stay. He began Donovan & Seaman's Co on Spring St, near Temple, when it was the heart of the LA's shopping district. He later moved the store to 3rd & Spring St, then 7th & Broadway. When he built his residence, he chose a prominent location, placing it directly in front of the Berkeley Square gates, on the southeast corner of Western Ave and 22nd St. The home was designed by R B Young in a Transitional Victorian/Craftsman style, leaning more toward the Victorian. Young was a prolific architect in Los Angeles, designing many homes and office buildings, including the Vickery-Brunswig Building, San Fernando Building and Clifton's Brookdale. The house was moved to its present location in 1929 as Western Ave transitioned to a commercial thoroughfare and the street was widened.

20 – Paul W Hoffmann Residence – 1926 S Western Ave – 1904

Charles Albert Rockwell was a partner in the building firm Martin & Rockwell, and through his company built several houses in West Adams Heights, on Western Avenue, including: 1926, 1962 and 2020 S Western Ave. He himself lived at 1962 S Western Ave before moving down the street to 2020 S Western Ave. This Transitional Craftsman/Victorian house he sold to Paul Hoffmann, dealing in loans and real estate. While most of the houses along the commercial corridors have vanished, this house and a few others, have managed to survive mostly intact.

21 – Ellis Doughl and Alphonso Barmann Residence – 1934 S Western Ave – 1905

A 1905 property permit to the building firm Pool & Jones suggests this is one of the few properties in West Adams Heights built on spec (speculation of a perspective buyer). The home was purchased by Ellis Doughl – who may or may not have lived on the property. In 1911 Newton H Foster, a junior clerk for the Santa Fe, appears to be renting the property, and in 1912 the property is sold to F Barmann for ,500. The 1915 City Directory shows Alphonso (Gen Contr), Herbert (Mach), Natalie (Tchr) and Walter (Mach) Barmann at the property. They had moved from their house on the other side of the Heights at 2047 La Salle Ave. Alphanso Barmann was given the general contract for construction of the 10 story Higgins Building in 1909. The house is Transitional Craftsman/Victorian with strong Colonial influences.

22 – Hans B & Ethyleen Nielsen Residence – 2010 S Western Ave – 1911

Built in the "Elizabethan Style" common at the time, this large Transitional Craftsman/Victorian incorporates half timbering and pebble-dash stucco into the design. It appears to have been built for Hans B and Ethyleen Nielsen.

23 – The Santa Monica Freeway – 21st to 22nd Streets – Originally called the Olympic Freeway – 1964

Like a river cutting through the heart of West Adams Heights, the Olympic Freeway as it was first called claimed approximately one-third of the homes, and some of the most significant. The entire block between 21st and 22nd Streets, on Western, Harvard, Hobart and LaSalle were demolished for the project. The prestigious "Harvard Circle" part of West Adams Heights was completely wiped off the map, with only vague and cryptic references left in newspapers and books. This canyon creates a permanent barrier in a once cohesive neighborhood. Plans for the Olympic Freeway were laid out in the 1947, coincidentally occurring a year after racial covenants were determined to be illegal and African-Americans gained the rights to live in the neighborhood. For almost 20 years, until the freeway's completion in 1964, black leaders called on the city and the State of California to move the path of the freeway to Washington, Venice or Pico, to spare West Adams Heights, or Sugar Hill as it was becoming known. However, the commission overseeing the project ignored them. Even Mayor Bowron participated in efforts to spare Berkeley Square and West Adams Heights, but members of the commission were unmoved. In the early 1960's the construction equipment arrived, the houses were removed, and one of LA's most prestigious enclaves was divided.

24 – Kate A Kelley Residence – 2205 S Hobart Blvd – 1905 – Sumner P Hunt and Arthur Wesley Eager

The architecture team of Hunt & Eager designed this home for Kate A Kelley, the widow of John Kelley. She lived there with her sister Jennie MacKay. By 1915 the house was owned by Abram C Denman, Jr., th vice president and general manager of the Southern California Iron and Steele Company. As a boarding house run by the Agape Mission, the house has fallen on hard times, with stucco, an enclosed porch and aluminum windows. But with some time, money and love, the house could be restored.

25 – John & Gertrude D Kahn and Norman O & Edythe Houston Residence – 2211 S Hobart Blvd – 1911 – Milwaukee Building Company

The Kahn-Houston Residence is arguably one of the most important houses in West Adams Heights. It deserves to be a National Register of Historic places. Unfortunately, at this time (2014) its fate is uncertain. The Agape Mission, which has run an illegal boarding house from the property and from 2205 S Hobart, has recently been closed and both properties appear to be in receivership. This house is so important to the historic fabric of the community because it was the home of Norman O Houston, President of the Golden State Mutual – an insurance company for black Americans who could not obtain insurance from white-owned companies at an affordable price. See the Wikipedia article: In 1938 Houston (then Vice-President) purchased the home. Wealthy white owners of the neighborhood prevented him from living in his home by re-establishing the "West Adams Heights Improvement Association," and attempting to codify the rule preventing non-Caucasians from owning or renting property. In 1945 Norman Houston and the other black property owners won the right in court to legally live in the neighborhood. The house had been originally built for John Kahn, an early pioneer to Los Angeles who first came to Oakland, CA, around 1889 with his brother and opened a dry goods store. John moved to Los Angeles 3 years later and opened a large store in the ground floor of the Nadeau Hotel at 1st & Spring. Around 1897 he sold the enterprise and in 1899 incorporated with Jakob Beck to form Kahn-Beck, manufacturing food stuff, including: "All kinds of candy, macaroni and pastas of all kinds." The company then grew into one of the largest biscuit making companies as the Kahn-Beck Cracker Company, or Kahn Beck Biscuit Company, and Angelus Biscuit Company. John Kahn passed in 1919. The house built in 1911 by the ! Milwaukee Building Company is in an avant-garde Spanish/Prairie style.

26 – James D & May C Smith and Louise Beavers-Moore & LeRoy C Moore Residence – 2219 S Hobart Blvd – 1904 – Frank M Tyler

For his first home in West Adams Heights, pioneer real estate developer Richard D Richards commissioned Frank M Tyler to build a 16-room English-styled mansion in 1904. Richards sold the property to James D Smith two years later, moving to another Tyler mansion at 2237 S Hobart Blvd and then to 2208 S Western Ave, where the Richards family lived until 1925. James Smith was proprietor of the James Smith & Co, a clothing store of the finest "ready-made" Franklin Brand clothing for men, established in 1902. For years the company operated from the Bryson Block, before relocating to the more fashionable Broadway. In the early 1940's Louise Beavers joined Norman Houston (2211 S Hobart Ave) and Hattie McDaniel (2203 S Harvard Blvd) in the Heights. Louise Beavers was a talented actress, acclaimed for her role in Imitation of Life as Delilah. Louise was married to her second husband, LeRoy C Moore in 1952. LeRoy was a well-known interior decorator. Together the two lived at this house until Louise's death in October, 1962, and LeRoy's death four months later in February, 1963. At first glass the Smith-Beavers Residence appears to be completely remodeled, but comparing it to original renderings little has changed. The front left dormer is missing and at some point someone thought it would be a good idea to cover the house in Sears siding (the original siding is probably underneath). But other than having been divided, the house's integrity remains intact.

27 – Ellen H (Mrs. Melville Morton) Johnston and Curtis & Ellen Williams Residence (Demolished) – 2237 S Hobart Blvd – 1906 – Frank M Tyler

The second residence in West Adams Heights built for Richard D and Cynthia J Richards, in 1906, has been replaced with a 1950's apartment building. The first Richards home was located at 2219 S Hobart Blvd (the Smith-Beavers Residence). They lived at this house less than two years before relocating to 2208 S Western Ave, where the couple lived out their lives. This home was sold to Ellen H Johnston (Mrs Melville Morton). Melville Morton Johnston may have died April 3, 1892. If I've researched the correct person, he was originally from Clifton, Stanton Island, New York. (I mean, how many men named Melville Morton Johnston can there be? Right?) In 1911 Mrs. Johnson sold the house to Curtis Williams. Curtis died at the home in 1959, at the age of 89. Curtis Williams was a pioneering lumberman who came to Los Angeles in 1895. He was born in Oakland and reared in San Diego. He was an early member of the Los Angeles Country Club, the Jonathan Club, and University Club. The house was a rustic Transitional Victorian/Craftsman, having both elements, designed by Frank M. Tyler. It was a perfectly balanced house, whose presence looks more like it would have been designed by John Austin.

28 – Benjamin Johnson Residence – 2241 S Hobart Blvd – 1909 – G A Howard, Jr.

In 1909 Benjamin Johnson commissioned G A Howard to build this charming Transitional Craftsman/Victorian in an English Style. The cost in 1909 was a mere ,000. As president of the Los Angeles Public Market Co (a company owned by Pacific Electric), he could well afford the cost – as well as a domestic, cook and chauffeur. What he could not afford, however, was a scandal involving his under-aged rebel daughter Estelle. In 1914, on a return trip from finishing school in Washington, DC, after a brief visit to her grandfather in Chicago. For eluded reasons, she was hastily married to Mr. Terrance Ryan. To employ his new son-in-law, Mr. Johnson purchased a produce company and gave Mr. Ryan a position and a promise of a bungalow. This appears not to have been enough, and the Johnsons were forced to petition the courts for the divorce of their daughter and Mr. Ryan on grounds he could not provide. The Johnsons must have been scandalized when the entire affair was laid out in the Los Angeles Times society pages.

29 – John Newton & Annie Berdella Evans Russell Jr. Residence – 2263 S Hobart Blvd – 1906

Above the portico of this residence is the address "2249" S Hobart Blvd, however its legal address (according to the tax assessor's maps) is actually 2263 S Hobart. The confusion is understandable. The property sits on three lots from what would have been 2249 (where the house actually sits) to the actual address of 2263 (which is the furthest lot south from the house). At this time the architect is unknown, but shows the adept hand of someone like Robert D. Farquar, who designed the John and Dora Haynes mansion on Figueroa in a similar style (demolished), or B. Cooper Corbett, responsible for the magnificent Denker Mansion on Adams Blvd. The house is an Italian Villa, in a Florentine style, years before the practice of designing thematic houses became popular in Los Angeles. This was the home of John Newton Russell, Jr., an insurance man. He was raised mostly in Waco, TX, before moving to Los Angeles with his father, also in the insurance business. Russell ran the Colorado branches of the Frederick Rindge's Conservative Life Company, before the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. When the company was absorbed into Pacific Mutual, and moved to Los Angeles, Russell was recalled from Colorado to run the "Home Office." Mr. Russell continued his success in the insurance industry, just as his wife enjoyed great social success. In 1942, their son, John Henry Russell, established the John Newton Russell Memorial Award, as a tribute to his father and mentor, recognizing the accomplishments and contributions of made by an individual in the insurance industry. This is the highest honor awarded by the National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors (NAIFA), given each year. NAIFA is one of the nation's oldest and largest associations representing professionals in the insurance and financial industries.

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